Harlan蛋白质调节饲料 Protein adjusted diets

Harlan蛋白质调节饲料 Protein adjusted diets
Teklad diet, bedding and enrichment + Teklad laboratory animal diets + Custom research diets + Protein adjusted diets
Harlan Teklad动物饲料
Harlan代理
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Harlan蛋白质调节饲料 Protein adjusted diets
Protein adjusted diets | Envigo
A few protein adjusted formulas are shown below. Please contact us for additional formulas of this nature or for more information about altering the protein type or content of a diet.
Formula examples:
TD.93328      “Protein free” diet
TD.90016      6% Protein diet
TD.91352       20% Protein diet
TD.90018      40% Protein diet
These diet examples are from a series of diets with the following features: casein-based, isocaloric (3.8 kcal/g) and matched for fat (5.5%), calcium (0.7%), and phosphorus (0.54%).  There are other diets available from this series of diets, as well as other unique protein adjusted diets.
Casein is the most widely used refined protein source, but it is also possible to use other refined protein sources, such as “vitamin-free” test casein (alcohol extracted), lactalbumin, isolated soy protein, and egg white solids. These particular protein sources are usually used to achieve a specific research objective, rather than for routine use. For instance, vitamin-free test casein is most appropriately used in vitamin deficient diets, and egg white solids is most suitable for zinc or biotin deficient diets.
Adjusted protein diets usually range from “protein-free” (trace) to 60% protein, depending on the research.
一些蛋白质调整的公式如下所示。请与我们联系,以获得更多的这种性质的配方,或更多有关改变蛋白质类型或饮食内容的信息。
公式示例:
TD.93328“无蛋白质”饮食
TD.90016  6%蛋白质饮食
TD.91352  20%蛋白质饮食
TD.90018  40%蛋白质饮食
这些饮食的例子来自一系列的饮食,有以下特点:酪蛋白为基础,等热量(3.8千卡/克),与脂肪(5.5%),钙(0.7%)和磷(0.54%)匹配。从这一系列的饮食中可以得到其他的饮食,以及其他独特的蛋白质调整的饮食。
酪蛋白是最广泛使用的精制蛋白质来源,但也可以使用其他精制蛋白质来源,如“无维生素”测试酪蛋白(醇提),乳清蛋白,分离大豆蛋白和蛋清固体。这些特定的蛋白质来源通常用于实现特定的研究目标,而不是用于常规用途。例如,无维生素测试酪蛋白最适合用于缺乏维生素的饮食,而蛋清固体最适合于锌或生物素缺乏的饮食。
根据研究结果,调整后的蛋白质饮食通常从“无蛋白质”(微量)到60%的蛋白质。
上海金畔生物科技有限公司(www.jinpanbio.com)提供生命科学研究领域系列产品,包括生化试剂、诊断试剂、色谱标准品和实验仪器耗材。主营Lumiprobe Cy系列活性荧光染料;修饰性PEG(Laysan bio、NANOCS、Avanti等进口品牌PEG以及定制合成修饰性聚乙二醇、单分散小分量PEG);Sigma、Amresco、TCI、MP bio生化试剂;WAKO日本和光纯药、日本关东化学Kanto试剂、日本三菱、日本柴田科学SIBATA;Megazyme食品分析检测试剂盒、日本共立理化学;Research diets、Harlan饲料、Bio-Serv、日本CLEA Japan品牌的动物饲料;Oxoid、Nissui日水、日本荣研、BD difco、Himedia品牌微生物培养基;免疫诊断试剂包括:Bethyl抗体;Biolegend流式抗体、Abcam、CST、Santa Cruz抗体;Roche、TOYOBO、NEB品牌的酶;中检所、TRC、药典USP、EP、Reagecon标准品;耗材和仪器包括Whatman、日本Advantec滤膜、Millipore品牌的各种滤膜、滤器和柱子填料等、Hampton蛋白结晶试剂耗材、老鼠软管灌胃针、动物毛发记号笔、Labnet、Wheaton瓶子、Bio-Rad伯乐、康宁Corning、Axygen、Falcon 、Eppendorf、Nunc、Nalgene、Nest品牌的培养皿、培养板、离心机、离心管、移液枪及枪头等实验室常用仪器耗材。
上海金畔生物科技有限公司
服务热线:18301939375   QQ:3258089810    3259632176
Email:  info@jinpanbio.com
官网:http://www.jinpanbio.com

Harlan TD.95027低钙饲料(0.4%P)

Harlan TD.95027低钙饲料(0.4%P)
Harlan货号:TD.95027
英文名称:Low Calcium Diet (0.4% P)
Harlan Teklad动物饲料
Harlan代理
欢迎新老客户访问Harlan官网或者咨询中国代理商上海金畔生物获取更多详细资料。
Formula                                                                     g/Kg
Casein                                                                    200.0
Cystine                                                                     3.0
Sucrose                                                            342.188
Corn Starch                                                         320.0
Soybean Oil                                                          60.0
Cellulose                                                              40.0
Mineral Mix, Ca-P Deficient (79055)                    13.37
Potassium Phosphate, monobasic                     11.43
Vitamin Mix, Teklad (40060)                                10.0
Ethoxyquin, antioxidant                                       0.012
Key Features
+ Purified Diet
+ Calcium
+ Phosphorus
Key Planning Information
+ Products are made fresh to order
+Store product at 4°C or lower
+Use within 6 months (applicable to most diets)
+Box labeled with product name, manufacturing date, and lot number
+ Replace diet at minimum once per week More frequent replacement may be advised
+ Lead time:
· 2 weeks non-irradiated
· 4 weeks irradiated
上海金畔生物科技有限公司(www.jinpanbio.com)提供生命科学研究领域系列产品,包括生化试剂、诊断试剂、色谱标准品和实验仪器耗材。主营Lumiprobe Cy系列活性荧光染料;修饰性PEG(Laysan bio、NANOCS、Avanti等进口品牌PEG以及定制合成修饰性聚乙二醇、单分散小分量PEG);Sigma、Amresco、TCI、MP bio生化试剂;WAKO日本和光纯药、日本关东化学Kanto试剂、日本三菱、日本柴田科学SIBATA;Megazyme食品分析检测试剂盒、日本共立理化学;Research diets、Harlan饲料、Bio-Serv、日本CLEA Japan品牌的动物饲料;Oxoid、Nissui日水、日本荣研、BD difco、Himedia品牌微生物培养基;免疫诊断试剂包括:Bethyl抗体;Biolegend流式抗体、Abcam、CST、Santa Cruz抗体;Roche、TOYOBO、NEB品牌的酶;中检所、TRC、药典USP、EP、Reagecon标准品;耗材和仪器包括Whatman、日本Advantec滤膜、Millipore品牌的各种滤膜、滤器和柱子填料等、Hampton蛋白结晶试剂耗材、老鼠软管灌胃针、动物毛发记号笔、Labnet、Wheaton瓶子、Bio-Rad伯乐、康宁Corning、Axygen、Falcon 、Eppendorf、Nunc、Nalgene、Nest品牌的培养皿、培养板、离心机、离心管、移液枪及枪头等实验室常用仪器耗材。
上海金畔生物科技有限公司
服务热线:18301939375   QQ:3258089810    3259632176
Email:  info@jinpanbio.com
官网:http://www.jinpanbio.com

Harlan 动脉粥样硬化(胆固醇、脂肪、胆酸盐) 饲料Atherogenic

Harlan 动脉粥样硬化(胆固醇、脂肪、胆酸盐) 饲料Atherogenic
Harlan Teklad动物饲料
Harlan代理
欢迎新老客户访问Harlan官网或者咨询中国代理商上海金畔生物获取更多详细资料。
Harlan 动脉粥样硬化(胆固醇、脂肪、胆酸盐) 饲料Atherogenic
Atherogenic

Research use Key dietary features Examples
“Western” purified atherogenic diet
Accelerated hypercholesterolemia and plaque formation in genetically modified models such as Apoe and Ldlr deficient mice.
Used for diet induced obesity in a variety of rodent models.
High fat diet (20 – 23% by weight; 40 – 45% kcal from fat)
Saturated fatty acids (SFA >60% of total fatty acids)
Milkfat/butterfat
Sucrose (34% by weight)
Cholesterol (0.2% total)
TD.88137
TD.10885
“Western” purified atherogenic diet with added cholesterol and cholate source*
Induce hypercholesterolemia and mild atherosclerosis (foam cells, fatty streaks) in primarily wild type mice and rats.
Will not promote obesity.
High fat diet (15 – 20% by weight; 34 – 45% kcal from fat)
Saturated fatty acids (SFA >55% of total fatty acids)
Milkfat/butterfat, cocoa butter
Sucrose (30-50% by weight)
Cholesterol (1 – 1.25%)
Cholate Source (0.5%)*
TD.02028
TD.09237
Hybrid high fat diets with added cholesterol and cholate source*
Induce hypercholesterolemia and mild atherosclerosis (foam cells, fatty streaks) in primarily wild type mice and rats.
Will not promote obesity.
Also used for lithogenic (gallstone) rodent studies.
75% rodent breeder diet; 25% purified ingredients
High fat (~15% by weight; 37% kcal from fat)
Saturated fatty acids (SFA >45% of total fatty acids)
Cholesterol (1.25%)
Cholate source (0.5%)*
TD.88051
TD.90221
Standard diets with added cholesterol
Induce hypercholesterolemia in genetically modified and wild type models without promoting obesity. Standard, grain-based rodent diet
Minimal/moderate phytoestrogen diets recommended
Cholesterol (1 – 4%)
TD.120097
TD.07841
TD.01383

*Sodium cholate or cholic acid aid cholesterol and fat absorption and reduce cholesterol disposal via bile acid synthesis. However, if including a cholate source is not desired for your research, diets without cholate are available.
*Sodium cholate or cholic acid aid cholesterol and fat absorption and reduce cholesterol disposal via bile acid synthesis.However, if including a cholate source is not desired for your research, diets without cholate are available.

在实验动物模型中,饮食是诱导或加速动脉粥样硬化的有用工具。用于诱发啮齿类动物动脉粥样硬化的主要饮食特征因研究模型、所需终点和喂养时间的不同而不同。尽管动脉粥样硬化饮食的配方在不断发展,但文献中详细描述的备选方案概述如下。有关每个饮食选项和文献参考的更多信息,请参见节目表后面的可扩展选项卡。
研究用途 主要饮食特征 实例
“西方”纯正致动脉粥样硬化饮食
加速高胆固醇血症和斑块形成的转基因模型,如APOE和Ldlr缺乏的小鼠。
用于饮食诱导肥胖的各种啮齿动物模型。
  • 高脂饮食(按体重计算占20-23%;脂肪占40-45%)
  • 饱和脂肪酸(SFA>总脂肪酸的60%)
  • 乳脂/乳脂
  • 蔗糖(按重量计占34%)
  • 胆固醇(总数0.2%)
TD.88137
TD.10885
添加胆固醇和胆酸来源的“西方”纯动脉粥样硬化饮食*
在野生型小鼠和大鼠中诱导高胆固醇血症和轻度动脉粥样硬化(泡沫细胞、脂肪条纹)。
不会助长肥胖。
  • 高脂饮食(体重15-20%;脂肪34-45千卡)
  • 饱和脂肪酸(SFA>总脂肪酸的55%)
  • 乳脂/黄油、可可脂
  • 蔗糖(重量占30%-50%)
  • 胆固醇(1-1.25%)
  • 巧克力来源(0.5%)*
TD.02028
TD.09237
添加胆固醇和胆酸盐的混合高脂饮食*
在野生型小鼠和大鼠中诱导高胆固醇血症和轻度动脉粥样硬化(泡沫细胞、脂肪条纹)。
不会助长肥胖。
也用于造石(胆石)啮齿动物的研究。
  • 75%的啮齿动物饲养员;25%的纯化成分
  • 高脂肪(体重约15%;脂肪37%千卡)
  • 饱和脂肪酸(SFA>总脂肪酸的45%)
  • 胆固醇(1.25%)
  • 巧克力源(0.5%)*
TD.88051
TD.90221
添加胆固醇的标准饮食
在转基因和野生型模型中诱导高胆固醇血症而不促进肥胖。
  • 标准的、以谷物为基础的啮齿动物饮食
  • 最小/中度植物雌激素饮食建议
  • 胆固醇(1-4%)
TD.120097
TD.07841
TD.01383

*胆酸钠或胆酸有助胆固醇和脂肪的吸收,并可透过胆汁酸合成减少胆固醇的排出。然而,如果你的研究不想包括胆酸盐的来源,没有胆酸盐的饮食是可用的。

“Western” purified atherogenic diet
“Western” style diets are fed to genetically-modified cardiovascular models, such as Apoe and Ldlr deficient mice, to accelerate and enhance hypercholesterolemia and plaque formation and to elicit phenotypes commonly associated with metabolic syndrome.Within the atherogenic literature, a “Western” diet typically is described as a purified rodent diet with 20-23% milkfat/butterfat, 0.2% total cholesterol, and 34% sucrose by weight.TD.88137is an example of a “Western” style diet that was originally designed to characterize and enhance atherosclerosis development in a newly generated Apoe-deficient mouse model.Contact us for more information about “Western” style diets, modifications, or possible control diets.
Examples:
TD.88137Adjusted calories diet (42% from fat, 0.2% total cholesterol)
TD.1088545% fat Kcal diet (0.2% total cholesterol)
Research use:
Accelerated hypercholesterolemia and plaque formation in genetically-modified models, such as Apoe and Ldlr deficient mice.
Used for diet-induced obesity in a variety of rodent models.
Key dietary features:
High Fat Diet (20-23% by weight; 40 – 45% kcal from fat)
Saturated fatty acids (SFA >60% of total fatty acids)
Milkfat/butterfat
Sucrose (34% by weight)
Cholesterol (0.2% total)
References:
1.Febbraio, M., et al., Targeted disruption of the class B scavenger receptor CD36 protects against atherosclerotic lesion development in mice.J Clin Invest, 2000.105(8): p.1049-56.
2.Huszar, D., et al., Increased LDL cholesterol and atherosclerosis in LDL receptor-deficient mice with attenuated expression of scavenger receptor B1.Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol, 2000.20(4): p.1068-73.
3.Nakashima, Y., et al., ApoE-deficient mice develop lesions of all phases of atherosclerosis throughout the arterial tree.Arterioscler Thromb, 1994.14(1): p.133-40.
4.Nakashima, Y., et al., Upregulation of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 at atherosclerosis-prone sites on the endothelium in the ApoE-deficient mouse.Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol, 1998.18(5): p.842-51.
5.Plump, A.S., et al., Severe hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice created by homologous recombination in ES cells.Cell, 1992.71(2): p.343-53.
6.Towler, D.A., et al., Diet-induced diabetes activates an osteogenic gene regulatory program in the aortas of low density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice.J Biol Chem, 1998.273(46): p.30427-34.
7,Tsuchiya, K., et al., FoxOs integrate pleiotropic actions of insulin in vascular endothelium to protect mice from atherosclerosis.Cell Metab, 2012.15(3): p.372-81.
“Western” purified atherogenic diet with added cholesterol and cholate source*
Wild type mice and rats generally are resistant to atherosclerosis, requiring more extreme dietary manipulation to modify lipoprotein profiles and develop mild atherosclerosis (foam cells, fatty streaks).Modern formulations are made completely of purified ingredients because this more refined approach has been reported to decrease the incidence of gallstones and liver damage associated with less refined and more traditional dietary approaches.To induce mild atherosclerosis in wild type animals, the “Western” purified diet can be modified to increase cholesterol (1-1.25%) and add a bile salt such as sodium cholate or cholic acid.Contact us for more information, modifications, or possible control diets.
Examples of purified high fat diets with added cholesterol and cholate source*:
TD.0202821% milkfat (1.25% cholesterol, 0.5% cholic acid)
TD.0923715% milkfat diet (1% cholesterol, 0.5% sodium cholate)
Examples of purified high fat diets with added cholesterol (without cholate source):
TD.9612121% milkfat (1.25% cholesterol)
Research Use:
Induce hypercholesterolemia and mild atherosclerosis (foam cells, fatty streaks) primarily in wild type mice and rats.
Will not promote obesity.
Key dietary features:
High fat diet (15-20% by weight; 34 – 45% kcal from fat)
Saturated fatty acids (SFA >55% of total fatty acids)
Milkfat/butterfat, cocoa butter
Sucrose (30-50% by weight)
Cholesterol (1 – 1.25%)
Cholate source (0.5%)*
References:
1.Bernal, C., et al., Lipid biomarkers and metabolic effects of lycopene from tomato juice on liver of rats with induced hepatic steatosis.J Nutr Biochem, 2013.24(11): p.1870-81.
2.Gao, Q., et al., Atherogenic diets exacerbate colitis in mice deficient in glutathione peroxidase.Inflamm Bowel Dis, 2010.16(12): p.2043-54.
3.Lichtman, A.H., et al., Hyperlipidemia and atherosclerotic lesion development in LDL receptor-deficient mice fed defined semipurified diets with and without cholate.Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol, 1999.19(8): p.1938-44.
4.Marcondes, M.C., et al., Effects of chronic mental stress and atherogenic diet on the immune inflammatory environment in mouse aorta.Brain Behav Immun, 2011.25(8): p.1649-57.
5.Nishina, P.M., et al., Effects of dietary fats from animal and plant sources on diet-induced fatty streak lesions in C57BL/6J mice.J Lipid Res, 1993.34(8): p.1413-22.
6.Nishina, P.M., et al., Atherosclerosis and plasma and liver lipids in nine inbred strains of mice.Lipids, 1993.28(7): p.599-605.
7.Yue, P., et al., Enhanced hepatic apoA-I secretion and peripheral efflux of cholesterol and phospholipid in CD36 null mice.PLoS One, 2010.5(3): p.e9906.
8.Nishina, P.M., J. Verstuyft, and B. Paigen, Synthetic low and high fat diets for the study of atherosclerosis in the mouse.J Lipid Res, 1990.31(5): p.859-69.
*Sodium cholate or cholic acid aid cholesterol and fat absorption and reduce cholesterol disposal via bile acid synthesis.However, if including a cholate source is not desired for your research, diets without cholate are available.SeeTD.96121for a purified diet andTD.94059for a hybrid diet.Contact us for additional options.
Hybrid high fat diets with added cholesterol and cholate source*
Beverly Paigen and colleagues first characterized atherosclerosis development in C57BL/6 mice by feeding a hybrid atherogenic diet.The hybrid diet was created by mixing a natural ingredient mouse diet in a 3:1 ratio with a concentrated purified diet (containing 5% cholesterol and 2% sodium cholate; referred to as Thomas-Hartroft diet).The resulting mixture recreated inTD.88051/TD.90221(same formula) contains ~15.8% fat, 1.25% cholesterol, and 0.5% sodium cholate.This group later compared the hybrid atherogenic diet approach to the more modern “western” purified atherogenic diet with added cholesterol and cholate and found that the hybrid atherogenic diet induced more gallstones and liver damage.Hybrid diets contain a variety of unrefined ingredients that may modify lipid metabolism and atherogenesis and do not allow for precise control of ingredients and nutrients for the study of chronic diseases.Although more refined diets have been developed, hybrid atherogenic diets are still popular for inducing mild atherosclerosis and gallstones in wild type mice and rats.Contact us for more information, modifications, or possible control diets.
Examples of hybrid high-fat diets with added cholesterol and cholate source*:
TD.88051andTD.90221(same formula) are Teklad product codes for hybrid atherogenic diets
Example of hybrid high-fat diet with added cholesterol (without cholate source):
TD.94059
Research Use:
Induce hypercholesterolemia and mild atherosclerosis (foam cells, fatty streaks) primarily in wild type mice and rats.
Will not promote obesity.
Also used for lithogenic (gallstone) rodent studies.
Key dietary features:
75% rodent breeder diet; 25% purified ingredients
High fat (~15% by weight; 37% kcal from fat)
Saturated fatty acids (SFA >45% of total fatty acids)
Cholesterol (1.25%)
Cholate source (0.5%)*
References:
1.Nishina, P.M., J. Verstuyft, and B. Paigen, Synthetic low and high fat diets for the study of atherosclerosis in the mouse.J Lipid Res, 1990.31(5): p.859-69.
2.Clee, S.M., et al., Plasma and vessel wall lipoprotein lipase have different roles in atherosclerosis.J Lipid Res, 2000.41(4): p.521-31.
3.George, J., et al., Enhanced fatty streak formation in C57BL/6J mice by immunization with heat shock protein-65.Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol, 1999.19(3): p.505-10.
4.Miyake, J.H., et al., Transgenic expression of cholesterol-7-alpha-hydroxylase prevents atherosclerosis in C57BL/6J mice.Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol, 2002.22(1): p.121-6.
5.Paigen, B., et al., Quantitative assessment of atherosclerotic lesions in mice.Atherosclerosis, 1987.68(3): p.231-40.
6.Schreyer, S.A., D.L. Wilson, and R.C. LeBoeuf, C57BL/6 mice fed high fat diets as models for diabetes-accelerated atherosclerosis.Atherosclerosis, 1998.136(1): p.17-24.
7.Vergnes, L., et al., Cholesterol and cholate components of an atherogenic diet induce distinct stages of hepatic inflammatory gene expression.J Biol Chem, 2003.278(44): p.42774-84.
*Sodium cholate or cholic acid aid cholesterol and fat absorption and reduce cholesterol disposal via bile acid synthesis.However, if including a cholate source is not desired for your research, diets without cholate are available.SeeTD.96121for a purified diet andTD.94059for a hybrid diet.Contact us for additional options.
Standard diets with added cholesterol
Standard, natural ingredient diets with cholesterol added are fed to induce hypercholesterolemia.Various levels of cholesterol, fat, and/or bile salts can be added to one of the numerous standard rodent diets stocked by Envigo Teklad.For many applications, adding these components to Envigo’s minimal-to-moderate phytoestrogen global rodent diets is recommended.Our minimal phytoestrogen global rodent diets are soybean meal free, limiting the effect of phytoestrogens on your research outcomes.Soybean meal, a common dietary source of phytoestrogens, has been shown to decrease aortic fatty streak development and modify plasma cholesterol, which may reduce the risk of developing atherosclerosis.Limiting dietary soybean meal may reduce confounding variables within your dietary-induced atherosclerosis model.Contact a nutritionist to discuss additional diet options.
Examples of minimal and moderate phytoestrogen rodent diets with added cholesterol:
TD.1200971% cholesterol diet (2020 – minimal phytoestrogens)
TD.078412% cholesterol diet (2016 – minimal phytoestrogens)
TD.013832% cholesterol (2018 – Moderate phytoestrogens)
Research use:
Induce hypercholesterolemia in genetically-modified and wild type models without promoting obesity.
Key dietary features:
Standard, grain-based rodent diet
Minimal/moderate phytoestrogen diets recommended
Cholesterol (1 – 4%)
References:
1.Belch, J.J., et al., Longitudinal assessment of endothelial function in the microvasculature of mice in-vivo.Microvasc Res, 2013.85: p.86-92.
2.Hartvigsen, K., et al., A diet-induced hypercholesterolemic murine model to study atherogenesis without obesity and metabolic syndrome.Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol, 2007.27(4): p.878-85.
Diets for additional animal models of atherosclerosis
Rabbits, hamsters, and swine are common models of atherosclerosis.Contact a nutritionist for information and formula examples.Seerabbit, swine and other speciesfor information and formula examples.
“西方”纯正致动脉粥样硬化饮食

“西式”饮食被喂给基因修饰的心血管模型,如APOE和Ldlr缺乏的小鼠,以加速和促进高胆固醇血症和斑块形成,并引出通常与代谢综合征相关的表型。在动脉粥样硬化的文献中,“西方”饮食通常被描述为含有20-23%乳脂/蝴蝶脂肪、0.2%总胆固醇和34%蔗糖的纯啮齿动物饮食。TD.88137这是一种“西式”饮食的例子,最初的目的是在一种新生成的APOE缺陷小鼠模型中描述和促进动脉粥样硬化的发展。联系我们,以获得更多关于“西方”风格的饮食,修改,或可能的控制饮食。
例子:

  • TD.88137调整卡路里饮食(42%来自脂肪,0.2%总胆固醇)
  • TD.1088545%脂肪KCAL饮食(总胆固醇0.2%)

研究用途:
加速高胆固醇血症和斑块形成的转基因模型,如APOE和Ldlr缺乏的小鼠。
用于饮食诱导肥胖的各种啮齿动物模型。
主要饮食特征:

  • 高脂肪饮食(按体重计算占20-23%;脂肪占40-45%)
  • 饱和脂肪酸(SFA>总脂肪酸的60%)
  • 乳脂/乳脂
  • 蔗糖(按重量计占34%)
  • 胆固醇(总数0.2%)
野生型小鼠和大鼠一般对动脉粥样硬化有抵抗力,需要更极端的饮食操作来改变脂蛋白谱,形成轻度动脉粥样硬化(泡沫细胞、脂肪条纹)。现代配方完全是由纯化成分制成的,因为据报道,这种更精细的方法可以减少较少精制和较传统饮食方法引起的胆结石和肝脏损害的发生率。为了在野生型动物中诱导轻度动脉粥样硬化,可对“西方”纯化饲料进行改良,以提高胆固醇(1-1.25%),并添加胆酸钠或胆酸等胆盐。联系我们获得更多的信息,修改,或可能的控制饮食。
添加胆固醇和胆酸盐来源的纯化高脂饮食的例子*:

  • TD.0202821%乳脂(1.25%胆固醇,0.5%胆酸)
  • TD.0923715%乳脂饮食(1%胆固醇,0.5%胆酸钠)

添加胆固醇的纯化高脂饮食的例子(没有胆酸来源):

  • TD.9612121%乳脂(1.25%胆固醇)

研究用途:
主要在野生型小鼠和大鼠诱发高胆固醇血症和轻度动脉粥样硬化(泡沫细胞、脂肪条纹)。
不会助长肥胖。
主要饮食特征:

  • 高脂饮食(体重15-20%;脂肪34-45千卡)
  • 饱和脂肪酸(SFA>总脂肪酸的55%)
  • 乳脂/黄油、可可脂
  • 蔗糖(重量占30%-50%)
  • 胆固醇(1-1.25%)
  • 巧克力源(0.5%)*

*胆酸钠或胆酸有助胆固醇和脂肪的吸收,并可透过胆汁酸合成减少胆固醇的排出。然而,如果你的研究不想包括胆酸盐的来源,没有胆酸盐的饮食是可用的。看见TD.96121为了纯正的饮食TD.94059混合饮食。请与我们联系,了解其他选项。

贝弗利·派根和他的同事首先通过喂养一种混合性动脉粥样硬化饮食来描述C57BL/6小鼠动脉粥样硬化的发展。这种混合饲料是通过将一种天然成分的老鼠饲料按3:1的比例与浓缩的纯化饲料(含5%胆固醇和2%胆酸钠;称为Thoms-Hartroft饮食)混合而成的。产生的混合物在TD.88051/TD.90221(同配方)含有~15.8%脂肪、1.25%胆固醇和0.5%胆酸钠。这组人后来将混合动脉粥样硬化饮食方法与更现代的“西方”纯化动脉粥样硬化饮食方法进行了比较,并添加了胆固醇和胆酸盐,发现混合动脉粥样硬化饮食会导致更多的胆结石和肝脏损伤。混合饮食含有多种未精制的成分,这些成分可能会改变血脂代谢和动脉粥样硬化的发生,并且不允许对成分和营养物进行精确控制,以用于慢性病的研究。虽然已经开发出了更精细的饮食,但混合动脉粥样硬化饮食仍然是野生型小鼠和大鼠诱发轻度动脉粥样硬化和胆结石的流行食品。联系我们获得更多的信息,修改,或可能的控制饮食。
添加胆固醇和胆酸盐的混合高脂饮食实例*:

  • TD.88051和TD.90221(相同的配方)是特克拉德混合动脉粥样硬化饮食的产品代码。

添加胆固醇的混合高脂饮食的例子(没有胆酸来源):

  • TD.94059

研究用途:
主要在野生型小鼠和大鼠诱发高胆固醇血症和轻度动脉粥样硬化(泡沫细胞、脂肪条纹)。
不会助长肥胖。
也用于造石(胆石)啮齿动物的研究。
主要饮食特征:

  • 75%的啮齿动物饲养员;25%的纯化成分
  • 高脂肪(体重约15%;脂肪37%千卡)
  • 饱和脂肪酸(SFA>总脂肪酸的45%)
  • 胆固醇(1.25%)
  • 巧克力源(0.5%)*

*胆酸钠或胆酸有助胆固醇和脂肪的吸收,并可透过胆汁酸合成减少胆固醇的排出。然而,如果你的研究不想包括胆酸盐的来源,没有胆酸盐的饮食是可用的。看见TD.96121为了纯正的饮食TD.94059混合饮食。请与我们联系,了解其他选项。

标准的,添加胆固醇的天然成分饮食是用来诱导高胆固醇血症的。不同水平的胆固醇,脂肪和/或胆汁酸盐可以添加到众多的标准啮齿动物饮食之一,由EnvigoTeclad。在许多应用中,建议将这些成分添加到Envigo的最小到中等植物雌激素的全球啮齿动物饮食中。我们最小的植物雌激素全球啮齿动物饮食是不含豆粕的,限制了植物雌激素对你的研究结果的影响。豆粕是一种常见的植物雌激素来源,它可以减少主动脉脂肪条纹的发育,改善血浆胆固醇,从而降低动脉粥样硬化的风险。限制饮食豆粕可能会减少饮食诱导动脉粥样硬化模型中的混杂变量。联系营养学家讨论其他饮食选择。
添加胆固醇的最小和中度植物雌激素啮齿动物饮食的例子:

  • TD.120097  1%胆固醇饮食(2020年-最小植物雌激素)
  • TD.07841  2%胆固醇饮食(2016年-最小植物雌激素)
  • TD.01383  2%胆固醇(2018年-中度植物雌激素)

研究用途:
在转基因和野生型模型中诱导高胆固醇血症而不促进肥胖。
主要饮食特征:

  • 标准的、以谷物为基础的啮齿动物饮食
  • 最小/中度植物雌激素饮食建议
  • 胆固醇(1-4%)
兔子、仓鼠和猪是动脉粥样硬化的常见模型。请与营养师联系,了解有关信息和公式示例。看见兔子、猪和其他物种有关信息和公式示例。

Harlan teklad 碳水化合物调节饲料Carbohydrate adjusted

Harlan teklad 碳水化合物调节饲料Carbohydrate adjusted
Harlan Teklad动物饲料
Harlan代理
欢迎新老客户访问Harlan官网或者咨询中国代理商上海金畔生物获取更多详细资料。
Harlan teklad 碳水化合物调节饲料Carbohydrate adjusted
Carbohydrate adjusted
A few carbohydrate adjusted formulas are shown below. Please contact us for additional formulas of this nature or for more information about altering the carbohydrate profile of a diet.
Formula examples:
TD.89247      60% Fructose diet
TD.86489      Diet with adjusted sucrose/cornstarch
TD.96348      Diet (20% lactose, 2% Ca, 1.25% P)
TD.98090      70% Carbohydrate diet
TD.96355      Ketogenic diet (almost no carbohydrate)
Carbohydrates often make up the majority (by weight and % kcal) of custom research diets, with the exception of higher fat diets. Commonly used carbohydrate sources include sucrose, cornstarch and maltodextrin. Other sources include fructose, dextrose (glucose), dextrin, and lactose. Maltodextrin is enzymatically derived from cornstarch to have shorter glucose polymers and is helpful in pelleting high fat diets and in diets where cornstarch exceeds sucrose.
Sucrose is a part of most formulas, often making up 10% of the diet or more. This likely adds to the palatability of the diet. The carbohydrate profile of a diet can be manipulated, although some mixtures may not pellet. There are also diets with very little carbohydrate, thus containing high amounts of fat and/or protein.
Cellulose (fiber) is part of many formulas and while not required by rodents, is considered beneficial. It can also be used to make formulas with differing macronutrient profiles isocaloric.
一些碳水化合物调整公式如下所示。请与我们联系,以获得更多的这种性质的配方,或更多有关改变饮食的碳水化合物的信息。
公式示例:
TD.8924760%果糖饮食
TD.86489调整蔗糖/玉米淀粉的饮食
TD.96348日粮(20%乳糖,2%钙,1.25%P)
TD.9809070%碳水化合物饮食
TD.96355生酮饮食(几乎没有碳水化合物)
碳水化合物往往占大多数(按体重和%千卡)的习惯研究饮食,除了高脂肪饮食。常用的碳水化合物来源包括蔗糖、玉米淀粉和麦芽糊精。其他来源包括果糖、葡萄糖、糊精和乳糖。麦芽糊精是从玉米淀粉中得到的酶解物,它含有较短的葡萄糖聚合物,有助于高脂饲料的颗粒化和玉米淀粉超过蔗糖的饮食。
蔗糖是大多数配方的一部分,通常占饮食的10%或更多。这可能会增加饮食的适口性。饮食中的碳水化合物可以被操纵,尽管有些混合物可能不是颗粒。也有很少碳水化合物的饮食,因此含有大量的脂肪和/或蛋白质。
纤维素(纤维)是许多配方的一部分,虽然不是啮齿动物所必需的,但被认为是有益的。它也可以用来制作不同的黄金分割配方等热量。
上海金畔生物科技有限公司(www.jinpanbio.com)提供生命科学研究领域系列产品,包括生化试剂、诊断试剂、色谱标准品和实验仪器耗材。主营Lumiprobe Cy系列活性荧光染料;修饰性PEG(Laysan bio、NANOCS、Avanti等进口品牌PEG以及定制合成修饰性聚乙二醇、单分散小分量PEG);Sigma、Amresco、TCI、MP bio生化试剂;WAKO日本和光纯药、日本关东化学Kanto试剂、日本三菱、日本柴田科学SIBATA;Megazyme食品分析检测试剂盒、日本共立理化学;Research diets、Harlan饲料、Bio-Serv、日本CLEA Japan品牌的动物饲料;Oxoid、Nissui日水、日本荣研、BD difco、Himedia品牌微生物培养基;免疫诊断试剂包括:Bethyl抗体;Biolegend流式抗体、Abcam、CST、Santa Cruz抗体;Roche、TOYOBO、NEB品牌的酶;中检所、TRC、药典USP、EP、Reagecon标准品;耗材和仪器包括Whatman、日本Advantec滤膜、Millipore品牌的各种滤膜、滤器和柱子填料等、Hampton蛋白结晶试剂耗材、老鼠软管灌胃针、动物毛发记号笔、Labnet、Wheaton瓶子、Bio-Rad伯乐、康宁Corning、Axygen、Falcon 、Eppendorf、Nunc、Nalgene、Nest品牌的培养皿、培养板、离心机、离心管、移液枪及枪头等实验室常用仪器耗材。
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Harlan TD.88137 高脂饲料 Adjusted Kcal Diet (42% from fat)

Harlan TD.88137 高脂饲料 Adjusted Kcal Diet (42% from fat)
Harlan Teklad动物饲料
Harlan代理
欢迎新老客户访问Harlan官网或者咨询中国代理商上海金畔生物获取更多详细资料。
Harlan TD.88137 高脂饲料 Adjusted Kcal Diet (42% from fat)
A staple of atherosclerosis research
More than 25 years ago, our nutritionists collaborated with researchers at Rockefeller University to develop a diet with features of a ‘Western Diet’ to characterize and enhance atherosclerosis development in their newly generated Apoe deficient mouse model. With over 200 unique users worldwide, TD.88137 continues to be fed to genetically modified cardiovascular models to accelerate and enhance hypercholesterolemia and plaque formation.
Formula                                             g/Kg
Casein                                              195.0
DL-Methionine                                     3.0
Sucrose                                            341.46
Corn Starch                                       150.0
Andydrous Milkfat                               210.0
Cholesterol                                          1.5
Cellulose                                              50.0
Mineral Mix, AIN-76 (170915)               35.0
Calcium Carbonate                               4.0
Vitamin Mix, Teklad (40060)                10.0
Ethoxyquin                                          0.04
Critical dietary features of TD.88137 related to atherosclerosis development include:
++Cholesterol (0.2% total cholesterol)
++Total fat (21% by weight; 42% kcal from fat)
++High in saturated fatty acids  (>60% of total fatty acids)
++High sucrose (34% by weight)
Typical fatty acid profile of TD.88137
Typical fatty acid analysis,% of diet1                   Mean                             SD
Total                                                                    20.7                                1.5
Saturated fat                                                       12.8                                0.8
Monounsaturated fat                                             5.6                                0.5
Polyunsaturated fat                                             1.0                                  0.2
Unknown2                                                           1.3                                   0.3
Selected nutrient information1
Key points from the literature
TD.88137 has been used to accelerate atherosclerosis development in Apoe and Ldlr deficient models:
++In Apoe deficient mice, plasma cholesterol triples to >1500 mg/dL within three weeks (1, 2). Foam cell and lesion development occurs within 6-10 weeks
(2-4). Fibrous plaque formation is observed at 15 weeks with the development of fibrous caps after 20 weeks (2).
++Ldlr deficient mice fed for two weeks increase plasma cholesterol to >800 mg/dL and triglyceride to >300 mg/dL (5). After six weeks of feeding, hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia and dyslipidemia develop with small foam cell lesions in the aortic
arch (6, 7).
With over 420 citations, uses of TD.88137 continue to evolve and include atherosclerosis, obesity, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), osteoporosis,
hypertension and metabolic syndrome. Contact us for a more extensive reference list.
Control diet options for TD.88137
Natural ingredient diets
++Also referred to as standard diets or chow
++Diets differ in the source and level of nutrients as well as the presence of non-nutritive factors (such as phytates or phytoestrogens) compared
to TD.88137
++Limits inferences to differences in dietary pattern versus a specific dietary component
Ingredient matched, low fat diets
++Controls for the type of ingredients, non-nutritive components and the source and level of specific nutrients
++Suggested ingredient matched, low fat dietary controls for TD.88137 listed below; data sheets can be found on our website at envigo.com
Suggested ingredient matched, low fat controls

References  参考文献
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